German Separable Verbs Worksheet
In this lesson, I explain how separable verbs work in German. I then show an example worksheet about German separable verbs from his A1/A2 video series, which you can download here. In addition to this worksheet, you will get access to 50 lessons including worksheets, answer keys, video scripts and more, all for FREE!
This worksheet accompanies a 2-video lesson about separable verbs I created in 2017. The first version is simply a skit using a bunch of separable verbs in German. The second is an annotated version of the same video, which explains the rules for these verbs in more detail. You can see both of them along with the original blog post about this here.
Rules for German Separable Verbs
#1: When the separable verb is in the main clause, put the prefix at the end of the sentence.
When the verb is used in the main clause, the prefix will be at the end of the sentence unless it is affected by rules 2-4. In the example below, you can see that the prefix “an” has been removed from the rest of the verb and placed at the end of the sentence. The main part of the verb is conjugated the same as it normally would be in the present tense.
#2: If the separable verb is used in the present perfect (das Perfekt) tense, the prefix and the rest of the past participle are separated by “ge”.
The prefix “an” is separated from the rest of the verb. You add “ge” when a separable verb is used in the present perfect (das Perfekt tense). The past participle of “haben” is “gehabt”. Creating the past participle for the verb “anhaben” is simple. Add the prefix “an” to the beginning of the past participle for “haben”.
#3: When separable verbs are used as infinitives, they are written as one word.
Separable verbs are used as infinitives in the same circumstances as other verbs; when there is a modal auxiliary or when forming the future tense with the verb “werden”. In the example below, you can see the verb “anhaben” used in the future tense. “Werden” is conjugated to become “wird” and “anhaben” is in its infinitive form at the end of the sentence.
#4: If a separable verb is used in a subordinate clause, the prefix and conjugated form of the verb are written together at the end of the clause or sentence.
Subordinate clauses are very confusing to English speakers. The conjugated verb in subordinate clauses is always at the end of the clause. Sometimes the subordinate clause is first in the sentence. Then the conjugated verb in the main clause is put next to the comma in the middle. It separates the two clauses in the middle of the sentence. In this case the prefix is written with the main part of the verb, as in the examples below.
You can get a copy of the worksheet featured in the video for FREE by clicking here. If you would like an additional worksheet, which is not featured in the video, click here.