German Separable Verbs Worksheet

    In this lesson, I explain how separable verbs work in German. I then show an example worksheet about German separable verbs from his A1/A2 video series, which you can download here. In addition to this worksheet, you will get access to 50 lessons including worksheets, answer keys, video scripts and more, all for FREE!

    If you want to learn even more about this topic, click here to download the new extra materials I created about separable verbs, which includes a new worksheet, answer key and guided notes sheet.

    German Separable Prefix Verbs Original 2 Videos
    German Separable Prefix Verbs Original 2 Videos

    This worksheet accompanies a 2-video lesson about separable verbs I created in 2017. The first version is simply a skit using a bunch of separable verbs in German. The second is an annotated version of the same video, which explains the rules for these verbs in more detail. You can see both of them along with the original blog post about this here.

    Rules for German Separable Verbs

    #1: When the separable verb is in the main clause, put the prefix at the end of the sentence.

    When the verb is used in the main clause, the prefix will be at the end of the sentence unless it is affected by rules 2-4. In the example below, you can see that the prefix “an” has been removed from the rest of the verb and placed at the end of the sentence. The main part of the verb is conjugated the same as it normally would be in the present tense.

    Der Junge hat einen Mantel an. - The boy has a coat on.
    Der Junge hat einen Mantel an. – The boy has a coat on.

    #2: If the separable verb is used in the present perfect (das Perfekt) tense, the prefix and the rest of the past participle are separated by “ge”.

    The prefix “an” is separated from the rest of the verb. You add “ge” when a separable verb is used in the present perfect (das Perfekt tense). The past participle of “haben” is “gehabt”. Creating the past participle for the verb “anhaben” is simple. Add the prefix “an” to the beginning of the past participle for “haben”.

    Beginner German with Herr Antrim
    Der Junge hat einen Mantel angehabt. - The boy had a coat on.
    Der Junge hat einen Mantel angehabt. – The boy had a coat on.

    #3: When separable verbs are used as infinitives, they are written as one word.

    Separable verbs are used as infinitives in the same circumstances as other verbs; when there is a modal auxiliary or when forming the future tense with the verb “werden”. In the example below, you can see the verb “anhaben” used in the future tense. “Werden” is conjugated to become “wird” and “anhaben” is in its infinitive form at the end of the sentence.

    Der Junge wird einen Mantel anhaben. - The boy will have a coat on.
    Der Junge wird einen Mantel anhaben. – The boy will have a coat on.

    #4: If a separable verb is used in a subordinate clause, the prefix and conjugated form of the verb are written together at the end of the clause or sentence.

    Subordinate clauses are very confusing to English speakers. The conjugated verb in subordinate clauses is always at the end of the clause. Sometimes the subordinate clause is first in the sentence. Then the conjugated verb in the main clause is put next to the comma in the middle. It separates the two clauses in the middle of the sentence. In this case the prefix is written with the main part of the verb, as in the examples below.

    alls der Junge keinen Mantel anhat, gebe ich ihm einen Mantel. Ich gebe ihm einen Mantel, falls der Junge keinen Mantel anhat.
    Falls der Junge keinen Mantel anhat, gebe ich ihm einen Mantel. Ich gebe ihm einen Mantel, falls der Junge keinen Mantel anhat.

    You can get a copy of the worksheet featured in the video for FREE by clicking here. If you would like an additional worksheet, which is not featured in the video, click here.

    More about Separable Verbs in German

    Separable Verbs Skit
    Separable Prefix Song
    3 Minuten Deutsch about Separable Verbs

    Herr Antrim

    Herr Antrim is a German teacher with over 10 years of teaching experience. In 2011 he started his successful YouTube Channel "Learn German with Herr Antrim". In 2015 he created this website to enhance the German language lessons he was providing on YouTube. He is now the author of his own e-book, "Beginner German with Herr Antrim". He has also been featured on numerous blogs and other sites.