Present Perfect with Irregular Verbs: The -en Change
Last time I did a 3 Minuten Deutsch video, I decided to record two versions. The first one was in English, like always and the second one was in German with English and German subtitles. This week, I decided to do the same. The example sentences in each video are the same, but the explanations are a bit different. You can see both videos below. The first one is in English and the second is in German. In these videos, I talk about some very specific irregular verbs in the present perfect tense. These verbs simply take -en instead of -t at the end of the past participle. Under the videos, you can find more verbs that weren’t in the video and more examples of how to use these verbs.
loslassen – to let go
Elsa lässt es los. – Elsa is letting it go.
Elsa hat es losgelassen. – Elsa let it go.
fangen – to catch
Der Junge fängt den Ball. – The boy catches the ball.
Der Junge hat den Ball gefangen. – The boy caught the ball.
anfangen – to start
Das Spiel fängt um 3 Uhr an. – The game starts at 3 o’clock.
Das Spiel hat um 3 Uhr angefangen. – The game started at 3 o’clock.
anrufen – to call
Meine Mutter ruft mich zu oft an. – My mother calls me too often.
Meine Mutter hat mich nicht oft genug angerufen. – My mother didn’t call me often enough.
heißen – to be called
Ich heiße Herr Antrim. – I am called Mr. Antrim.
In der High School habe ich “Zeus” geheißen. – In high school, I was called “Zeus”.
schlagen – to strike, hit
Der Baseballspieler schlägt den Baseball mit dem Baseballschläger. – The baseball player is hitting the baseball with the baseball bat.
Der Baseballspieler hat den Baseball mit dem Baseballschläger geschlagen. – The baseball player hit the baseball with the baseball bat.
tragen – to carry, wear
Ich trage jeden Tag eine Krawatte. – I wear a tie every day.
Ich habe jeden Tag eine Krawatte getragen. – I wore a tie every day.
lesen – to read
Der faule Junge liest das Buch nicht. – The lazy boy isn’t reading the book.
Der faule Junge hat das Buch nicht gelesen. – The lazy boy didn’t read the book.
treten – to step, kick
Der Fußballspieler tretet den Ball. – The soccer player is kicking the ball.
Der Fußballspieler hat den Ball getreten. – The soccer player kicked the ball.
The next episode of 3 Minuten Deutsch will be released in a couple of weeks. I will talk about more irregular verbs then. There are several patterns I want to isolate over the next several weeks to make it easier for you to memorize some German verbs that you can use in the present perfect tense. Test your knowledge in the comments on my website, in the discussion forum, or in the comments on YouTube.